History of Rhythmic Gymnastics in FISU
Rhythmic gymnastics combines ballet and creative movements to music, while working with ribbons, balls, hoops, ropes and clubs in a choreographed dance-and-tumble routine. Grace and beauty are what best describes a rhythmic gymnastics competition. All exercises are done on the floor in different routines and music. Rhythmic gymnastics first appeared during the 19th century and slowly grew in popularity until the first competitions were staged in the Soviet Union in the 1940s. Due to increasing prominence, the first individual rhythmic gymnastics world championship was held in 1963 in Budapest, just two decades before it made its Olympic debut in Los Angeles in 1984. This step was also essential for its inclusion in the programme of the Summer Universiade, where rhythmic gymnastics was added in 1991 during the Universiade in Sheffield (GBR). Nineteen gymnasts participated in this very first FISU rhythmic gymnastics event and Asian dominance was unequivocal with the athletes from DPRK taking gold medals in all events. The increasing number of gymnasts and their excellent performances provided rhythmic gymnastics the opportunity to join the list of compulsory sports. Up to now it is the only compulsory women-only discipline in the programme of FISU events.
This remarkable evolution of rhythmic gymnastics in FISU can also be seen in the quality of competition. The FISU events provide athletes a platform to prepare for major FIG and/or Olympic events and many well-known champions from Ukraine, Russia and Belarus came to participate under the FISU five stars: Natalia Godunko, Irina Tchatchina, Anna Bessonova, Eugenia Pavlina and Maria Petrova are just few of the names to mention. With this in mind, it is by no means utopian to affirm that university rhythmic gymnastics is a major element in world rhythmic gymnastics.
The rhythmic gymnastics events will be organised in accordance with the most recent technical regulations of the "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique" (FIG). The programme and duration of the competitions will be fixed by the Executive Committee in agreement with the Organising Committee. In principle, the programme of the competitions will last three (3) days and will include the following events for women:
a) Individual multiple competition (Competition II)
b) Individual finals per apparatus (Competition III)
c) Group multiple competition
d) Group finals per apparatus
The four apparatus on the programme for the competitions will be:
The group apparatus programme for the competition will be:
3 Balls + 2 Ribbons
Countries/regions participating in the rhythmic gymnastics competitions must bring with their delegation and at their own cost:
Countries/regions participating in the individual competition:
a) country/region with two (2) competitors: one (1) international FIG judge
Countries/regions participating in the group competition:
b) one (1) international FIG judge
Countries/regions participating with one (1) competitor may bring an international FIG judge.
All judges must be in possession of a valid FIG judges' brevet.
These countries/regions must communicate to the Organising Committee three (3) months before the start of the Games the names of two (2) international FIG judges (1 effective + 1 non-travelling substitute) per nominated judge.