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Swimming

13
2020-02

 

 

History of Swimming in FISU

 

 

Swimming is one of the most popular leisure activities and competitive sports around the world and it first featured at the third International University Sports Weeks in 1951, in Luxembourg. However, it was not until the inauguration date of the modern Summer Universiade in 1959 in Turin that swimming became a compulsory event on the sports programme of FISU. During this first Summer Universiade 12 records were broken, setting the milestone for another 12 Universiade records just two years later in Sofia (BUL).

 

 

Due to the increasing success, university swimming continued to attract more and more student participants from around the world, boosting the level of competition to grow beyond its own great heights. In 1967 in Tokyo, the victory of the American swimming team remained without doubt, one of the most outstanding feats in Universiade history, taking a total of nine (9) world records. The success story of swimming continued throughout the eighties and nineties, best exemplified in the 1981 Summer Universiade in Bucharest (ROM), where 26 Universiade records were broken in 29 events. Just two years later in Edmonton (CAN), the Soviet swimmers, headed by the world record holder Vladimir Salvikov, literally crushed their adversaries, taking 22 titles. Edmonton was also the first international event for the future Olympic champion Alex Bauman. The level of the Universiade swimming competitions remained high and top ranking swimmers such as Matt Biondi, Michael Gross, Jon Sieben, Otylia Jedrzejczack, Yana Klochkova, Rachel Komisarz, Oleg Lisogor, Tom Malchow and Gustavo Borges participated in both the Olympics and the Universiades.

 

In 1997 the Summer Universiade was hosted in Sicily (ITA) where a new swimming complex was built specifically for the Universiade. Everyone was anticipating the performance of the Olympic medal winner, Penelope Heyns, but it was finally Slovakia's Martina Moravcova who took the show by winning four individual gold medals. 

 

 

FISU Regulations

 

 

The swimming events shall be organised in accordance with the most recent technical regulations of the "Fédération Internationale de Natation" (FINA). The programme and duration of the competitions will be fixed by the Executive Committee in agreement with the Organising Committee and the CTI. In principle, the programme will last seven (7) days and will include the following events:

 

Individuals events

 

Men

Women

Free style

50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m,1 500 m

50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m,
1 500 m

Breaststroke

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

Backstroke

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

Butterfly

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

50 m, 100 m, 200 m

Medley

200 m, 400 m

200 m, 400 m

Team events

Free style

4 x 100 m, 4 x 200 m

4 x 100 m, 4 x 200 m

Medley

4 x 100 m

4 x 100 m 

 

Each country/region is authorised to enter in:

 

-each individual event: two (2) participants

-each team event: one (1) team

 

The international referees and judges shall be appointed by the FINA on demand of the Organising Committee.

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